Developmental / Project EditingCoordinating and editing a project from proposal or rough manuscript to final manuscript, incorporating input from authors, consultants, and reviewers.
Structural EditingClarifying and/or reorganizing a manuscript for content and structure.
Stylistic EditingClarifying meaning, eliminating jargon, smoothing language, and other non-mechanical line-by-line editing.
RewritingCreating a new manuscript or parts of a manuscript on the basis of content and research supplied by an author. May include some research and writing of original material.
Copy EditingEditing for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and other mechanics of style.
ProofreadingReading proofs of edited manuscript. Galley proofing may include incorporating and/or exercising discretion on author's alterations; flagging locations of art and page references; verifying computer codes. Page proofing may include checking adherence to mock-up (rough paste-up), accuracy of running heads, folios, and changes made to type in mock-up, checking page breaks and location of art, and inserting page numbers to table of contents and cross-references if necessary.